German wind energy in numbers

Numbers and facts

Wind energy has an increasing share of electricity generation in Germany. In 2020, wind energy had again the largest share in German electricity production, ahead of nuclear energy and brown coal.

The graph shows the gross electricity production from onshore and offshore wind energy. In 2020 they had a total share of about 27 % in the German electricity production.

Source: Fraunhofer ISE

At the end of 2020, there were a total of 29,608 onshore wind turbines in Germany.

Source: WindGuard GmbH

420 new onshore wind turbines with a capacity of 1,431 MW were newly installed in 2020. Thus, the asset base grew to a total of 29,608. The total installed capacity of onshore wind energy is 54,938 MW.

Scource: Deutsche Windguard GmbH

In 2016 160,200 people were employed in the wind industry. Of which 27,200 people in the field of offshore and 133,000 people in onshore wind energy. In 2017 we saw a significant decline, due to diminished expansion rates of new wind turbines.

Unfortunately the numbers are not updated anually anymore, which is why the statistics of 2017 are the latest reliable source. However, BWE and VDMA as the industry's representative associations estimate that in 2020 around 100.000 people were employed in the German wind energy sector. 

Source: Schätzung von DLR und DIW (2019), in: Drucksache 19/2129, Antwort der Bundesregierung auf die Kleine Anfrage der Abgeordneten Lorenz Gösta Beutin, Dr. Gesine Lötzsch, Heidrun Bluhm-Förster, weiterer Abgeordneter und der Fraktion DIE LINKE.

You can find older factsheets (in German) here.